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Deobandi fatwa: Women can't travel more than 48 miles without a male guardian
"Its ruling was based on the Hadiths ... The 48 mile limit is believed to reflect the maximum distance one could then travel by camel or horse in one day through dangerous desert."
The Sahih, or "sound," "reliable" ahadith of Bukhari and Muslim do contain many a hadith where Muhammad restricts a woman's radius of mobility to either three days' travel (for example, Bukhari 2.20.192-193; Muslim 7.3096-98, 3101-03, etc.), two days (Muslim 7.3099-3100) or one day and one night (Bukhari 2.20.194, Muslim 7.3104). Sahih Muslim Chapter 72, from which those ahadith are taken, is a section repeating Muhammad's restrictions on women's travel from corroborating sources. Since Muhammad is a "beautiful pattern of conduct" for all time (Qur'an 33:21), there is no question raised here that such a prescription might merit even adjusting before inflicting it on women.
"Muslim women 'should not travel more than 48 miles from home without male chaperone'," by Dean Nelson for the Telegraph, March 9 (thanks to all who sent this in):
The ruling was made by the Darul Uloom Deoband, the leading Islamic university founded in northern India in 1866, which has millions of followers from Bangladesh and Pakistan to Muslim communities in Britain.
Its fatwa was issued after a female follower had asked: "Is a married woman permitted to travel to another country with her female sibling?"
In a reply on the Deoband website, she was told:"She cannot travel without a 'mehram' [male relative]. It's mentioned in the Hadees that a woman should not travel for more than 48 miles except in the company of a 'mehram' relative."
Its response, which was delivered on International Women's Day, provoked anger among Muslim women activists who said it was based on conditions in the Arabian peninsula more than 1,400 years ago and no longer relevant in the modern world.
The decision was defended by a Deobandi spokesman who said the increase in violent crime against women in India showed it remained relevant. "No Muslim family should have any objections," he said.
Its ruling was based on the Hadiths – the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad during his lifetime. The 48 mile limit is believed to reflect the maximum distance one could then travel by camel or horse in one day through dangerous desert.
Read more at www.jihadwatch.org